At What Age Do Babies See?
The human eye is a very complex structure that already in the embryo is almost fully developed. But at that moment the eye is still functionally immature, although it reacts to light, color and movement. Some methods of in utero stimulation activate movements of the fetus with changes in luminosity, which would indicate that they perceive them.
After birth, the baby seems to travel the world with his eyes. The truth is that he is seeing but he is not doing so clearly. Babies will not be able to see perfectly until they train a little this sense, the least developed at the time of birth. If you want to know more about this process, continue reading that in Overfitt.com we answer the question, at what age do babies see?
What do newborns see?
The grandmothers used to comment that the babies of before were born with their eyes closed, in front of the astonishment that the babies of today are born with their eyes wide open. Maybe they are just grandmothers’ stories, but what is surprising, and certainly has not changed over time, is the avidity with which babies discover the world as their abilities allow. The development of vision goes hand in hand with the acquisition of other skills.
While they remain in the womb, babies acquire some skills although it may not seem so. For example, they train the sucking by sucking the finger. They also test how to grab and in fact they have been caught in fragrance holding onto their umbilical cord. In the case of vision, apparently, it is a meaning that is rarely used during the in utero period, although as of week 26 the eye is practically developed.
The vision of the newborn is not clear. It is considered to be the most immature sense of the babies and that you will need training to become perfect. The retina and optic nerve are still immature, so central vision over peripheral vision predominates.
At first, the newborn will be able to distinguish variations in the intensity of light and contrasting colors. You can focus up to a distance of 20 to 30 centimeters, just the distance between your eyes and the face of the mother when she is breastfed. As if they were programmed to recognize their mother, which is really what they need to survive in the first instance, keep their mother close.
Visual development of the baby: reflexes
In babies there are certain reflexes or neurological manifestations. Their presence and good functioning serve as an indicator to evaluate the newborn. Regarding their visual capacity, the following ocular reflexes are observed:
- Palpebral reflex: appears from birth in intense light or loud noise. It is a defense movement that consists of closing the eyes, that is, moving the eyelids.
- Wrist eye: newborns are not yet able to fix their gaze so at the beginning when the head goes to the side the eyes go in the opposite direction.
- Reflection fotomotor: it is about the reaction of the pupils before the changes of luminosity. When there is little light they dilate and when there are a lot they contract. The observation of this reflex is done to verify the good functioning of the optic nerve.
In tonic reflex of the neck is another of the important reflexes that serve to evaluate the development of the child.
What do babies see in their first months?
At the end of the first month the baby will show interest in what surrounds him and will be able to maintain his attention for small moments. Until the second or third month, it is normal for the baby, in his attempts to focus at greater distances than his capacity allows, to cross his eyes and appear to suffer from strabismus. This should improve over time, when they learn to focus on the same point with both eyes.
It is worth remembering that the development of the baby is integral and that the improvement of the vision is linked to the acquisition of other capacities. This is what happens after two months when the baby discovers the use of his own hands, since he can already distinguish small details and focus at different distances. This remarkable change initiates eye-hand coordination, which will be very important as it will allow you to recognize and take objects.
Close to three months, your muscles are stronger, which gives you more control of the head. In addition, you have improved your ability to focus, then you can follow objects in motion, at a distance of 30 to 60 centimeters, more easily. He also becomes able to distinguish colors with similar tones.
From four to six months his vision progresses and he can see at greater distances although distant objects are still blurred. He also recognizes the faces of his parents or caregivers. After seven months, he can stare at small objects, begins to perceive depth and becomes capable of following objects that move faster or that have even left his visual field.
At what age do babies see?
The baby’s vision will be fully mature by the time he is two years old. Already at that moment they see as an adult: they distinguish objects of any size or color; they focus at any distance and perceive the depth; and also recognize the objects from a part of these.
It is to be noted that the vision develops little by little and will not be exactly the same from one individual to another. It is considered that as of the first month babies already have a 10% visual acuity, at two years, 80% and at five they will have adult vision. Already at this moment the perceptual-visual development is integrated to the social and cognitive development.
It is also important to emphasize that it is advisable to follow up on the different capacities that the baby is acquiring, because if his visual development is not adequate, this can hinder his intellectual development. The sooner the problems are addressed, the more likely you are to overcome them successfully, if the vision is about.
Precisely, as it is a sense that develops during early childhood and that is maturing from external stimuli, it is important to know what visual abilities are expected, the child, at each stage.
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