Childhood Asthma – What it is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments of this condition. In addition, Childhood Asthma is more worrying because your airways have a caliber smaller than that of adults, so any inflammation can be more harmful and prevent the passage of air. For this reason, Childhood Asthma usually causes more hospitalizations and emergency visits than adult asthma.
Childhood Asthma is not a different disease from asthma in adults, but children face unique challenges. Asthma in children is a major cause of emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and missed school days. Unfortunately, childhood asthma can not be cured and symptoms can continue into adulthood. But with the right treatment, you and your child can keep the symptoms under control and prevent damage to the growing lungs.
Causes of Childhood Asthma:
Childhood Asthma can be caused by the allergen that causes the illness. To perform an adequate diagnosis and control of Childhood Asthma, it is necessary to consider:
- If there is a family history of the child with asthma;
- What allergens (dust mites, pollen, mold due to humidity) are exposed to children;
- The frequency and severity of symptoms;
There are other respiratory infections that may have the same symptoms.
Symptoms of Childhood Asthma:
These are the main common signs and symptoms of Childhood Asthma:
- Common, intermittent cough;
- A hissing or hissing on expiration;
- Shortness of breath;
- Congestion or tightening of the chest;
- Pain in the chest, particularly in younger children
Other signs and symptoms of childhood asthma include:
- Sleeping problems caused by shortness of breath, coughing or wheezing;
- Coughing or wheezing that worsens with a respiratory infection, such as a cold or flu;
- Delayed recovery or bronchitis after respiratory infection;
- Breathing problems that may limit reproduction or exercise;
- Fatigue, which can be caused by a weak sleep.
Early signs of asthma in young children may be recurrent wheezing triggered by a respiratory virus. As children get older, asthma associated with respiratory allergies is more common.
Diagnosing Childhood Asthma:
It is sometimes very difficult to get an accurate diagnosis of Childhood Asthma because two or more causes may be present. Unfortunately, there is not a single test that provides all the answers. An allergist / immunologist, often referred to as an allergist, has specialized training and experience to determine if your child has asthma, what is causing it and develop a treatment plan.
Your child’s allergist wants to learn how often episodes of wheezing, coughing, or other symptoms occur; As well as how bad they are. It is important to understand what triggers your child’s symptoms and what (including medications) make them disappear. An understanding of family history and environment (such as smoking or pets) is helpful for your doctor to ask.
Treatments for Childhood Asthma:
The treatment for Childhood Asthma needs to be tailored for each child. A general rule that applies, however, is to remove these things from the environment of children that you know as triggers of asthma symptoms. Reducing house dust mites, mold, animal dander and roach debris can be helpful – especially in the child’s room. When these measures are not enough, it may be time to try one of the many medications available to control the symptoms of asthma.
The guidelines of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) recommend the treatment of childhood asthma with a “gradual” approach. This means using the lowest dose of medication that is effective, and then “intensifying” the dose and the frequency with which it is taken if asthma symptoms get worse. When asthma gets under control, medications are then “laid off”.