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What Are Major Complications of Hypertension

Complications of Hypertension

Suffering from high blood pressure is one of the most important risk factors for developing cardiovascular disorders today. Hypertension is a disorder that affects almost half of men and four out of ten women, so it is important to make regular medical visits to be sure not to suffer and, if you suffer, it is essential to follow the instructions of the professional to keep blood pressure under control.



Having hypertension entails, without any doubt, different complications that can be very delicate for health. As each day we are more exposed to present this type of alteration in blood pressure, in this article we want you to know the major complications of hypertension that make it indispensable that the pathology is always controlled and under the supervision of a professional.


Complications of Hypertension
Complications of Hypertension

Presenting stroke, heart attack and cardiovascular arrest due to hypertension

If a person has high blood pressure, he is at high risk for complications of the circulatory system such as a heart attack, cardiovascular arrest or stroke. This increases depending on whether the length of time a person is under high blood pressure.



This is because the increase in blood pressure causes thickening and hardening of the arteries, which is closely related to various accidents and damage to the heart and the whole circulatory system in general. This is why high blood pressure can lead to arrhythmias and other complications that could endanger the patient’s life.


Read: Congestive Heart Failure Life Expectancy

Renal disorders and diabetes, consequences of having high blood pressure

One of the most frequent complications suffered by hypertension patients is the acceleration of affectations due to diabetes and various renal disorders. The first case is because high blood pressure damages the arteries in an accelerated way, causing several alterations that can be very complicated for the health of the people who suffer it.



On the other hand, the various impairments caused by hypertension in various parts of the body can also cause different kidney disorders. This is because the kidneys have a fundamental role in keeping blood pressure under control and, because there is an alteration in it, blood vessels may become damaged and malfunction, resulting in an excess of fluid in the blood vessels. may cause a further increase in blood pressure.



Sexual dysfunction, an effect of arterial hypertension

One of the biggest complications that come to have a lot of men with high blood pressure is sexual dysfunction. This erectile complication occurs in one in ten patients of hypertension and, if the correct treatment is not performed, can cause other psychological damages affecting the personal and work relations.



This erectile dysfunction is because hypertension can cause damage to the arteries and blood vessels, causing the body can not send the correct amount of blood to this part of the body and erection is not achieved.



Eye damage, complication of high blood pressure

It is essential to perform the correct treatment of hypertension in time and form since, otherwise, it could cause complications such as damage to the eyes, being one of the first organs to be affected. This is because the blood vessels in the retina and the eyeballs change the thickness of their walls by blood pressure, which could lead to develop retinopathy.



The term medical retinopathy refers to various non-inflammatory pathologies that directly affect the retina. There are several types of this disorder because it can be caused by a large set of diseases, so it is necessary to make a medical consultation so that a professional can evaluate and treat the patient correctly.

Hypertension Complications
Hypertension Complications


High blood pressure can lead to dementia

Hypertension causes various alterations in the bloodstream of the body, so another organ that can be affected by this is the brain, which causes several disorders such as dementia and memory loss.



As dementia can be confused with other similar pathologies it is indispensable that a medical consultation is carried out with a trusted professional for the correct diagnosis of the patient. Also, it is important that the person suffering from high blood pressure is undergoing a strict treatment in order to mitigate the complications generated by it.



Causes of high blood pressure

Due to the current lifestyle, the problems of high blood pressure have increased in the world population. Therefore, it is important to know what causes this increase in blood pressure, some of them being possible to prevent. Some causes of high blood pressure are:

  • Smoking.
  • Lead a sedentary life.
  • Alcoholism.
  • Stress and obesity.
  • Lack of vitamin D, magnesium, calcium or potassium.
  • Advanced age.
  • Genetic inheritance.
  • Other diseases.
  • Consumption of certain drugs.

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