How Long Does Stomach Virus Last? Causes and Treatments
Stomach virus is a very serious condition for all of us.If some one is suffering from this kind of problem, need to concern to a doctor.However you can learn in this article about stomach virus like, how long does stomach virus last, what are causes and treatments.
What is the stomach virus?
The stomach virus, also known as gastroenteritis, occurs when viruses such as rotavirus, adenovirus and Norwalk virus cause the intestinal and gastric mucosa to become inflamed, causing and creating infection.
Depending on the virus that is suffered, it penetrates the intestine and the stomach making the lining of these organs swell. When this action happens, a rejection of the food takes place and symptoms such as diarrhea and vomiting appear, since these organs stop performing their function.
Generically, the infection lasts between 1 and 3 days, but special care must be taken because it is very contagious. It can be transmitted by direct contact with a person suffering from the virus, through body fluids, or also by sharing drinks, food or personal items.
The various viruses are characterized by the following:
- Rotavirus attacks mainly children under three years of age and is one of the most common cases in day care centers. On this occasion, it is very likely that this virus is infected by children to the same adults who live with them.
- The adenovirus is responsible for gastroenteritis in babies, so they are responsible for 5-10% of childhood diarrhea. This infection can occur during any time of the year and unlike other stomach virus, it takes a longer time to cause symptoms, but when they appear may persist for 2 weeks.
- Norwalk virus is a microorganism that causes gastroenteritis especially in adults, the most common cause 70% of cases of stomach flu. They also do not have a specific season, because they can be produced throughout the year.
How long does stomach virus last?
Normally gastroenteritis lasts up to 5 days in most cases. However, seek the advice of a medical professional if you are concerned about the duration of stomach flu symptoms.
What symptoms can they present if they are affected by the stomach flu?
Nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, moderate fever, cramps in the stomach, chills and fatigue and muscle aches are frequent symptoms when suffering from stomach flu.
After 4 to 48 hours of contact with the virus, it is when these discomforts begin to appear.
Treatment through feeding
If you suffer from a stomach virus, the most important thing is to be hydrated, because due to vomiting and diarrhea fluid is lost from the body and needs to be replaced. Therefore, the main goal of treatment is to ensure that the body has enough water and fluids.
Follow a soft diet is something elementary for the body to be recomposed, but it is important to eat small amounts of food frequently, to settle the body. A good option is to eat cereals, bread, potatoes, lean meats, yogurt, bananas, apples and vegetables. However, I recommend reading this article on various soft diet menus, you will see how it is easier to know what to eat when you are weak and sick to your stomach.
On the other hand, it is important that you keep these recommendations in mind:
- Older children and adults can drink sports drinks such as Aquariums, Gatorade or Powerade, but they should not be used in young children. In this case, it is better to opt for liquid and electrolyte replacement solutions or ice creams available in pharmacies and food stores.
- Do not drink fruit juice, soft drinks, jellies or broths. These fluids do not replace lost minerals and could make diarrhea worse. It is best to hydrate yourself at all times.
- It is important to drink small amounts of fluid every half hour or hour. Do not force large amounts at one time, it can cause vomiting.
- Babies can continue to drink breast milk or formula along with extra fluids.
Treatment with medications
Occasionally, diarrhea and nausea are so severe that they impair fluid intake or retention. In these cases, to avoid dehydration, they must take fluids intravenously. Another thing to keep in mind is that you should not self-medicate, because antibiotics, for example, do not work for viruses. However, stomach viruses often go without treatment of this type, but if the diarrhea lasts more than several days or if dehydration occurs, in addition to having symptoms such as blood in the stool, confusion, vertigo, dry mouth, feeling faint, absence of tears when crying, absence of urine for 8 hours or more or eyes of sunken appearance, do not hesitate to contact your doctor or specialist, as soon as possible.
How can gastroenteritis be avoided?
Gastroenteritis, as we have said, is highly contagious and there are not many ways to prevent contracting this virus. However, you can reduce the risk of infection by increasing the level of hygiene: the hands, the main engine of transmission, should always be clean and also in babies it is important to change the diaper assiduously. In turn, it is important to maintain adequate food handling
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