How to Cure Second Degree Burns
Burns are produced by contact with some source of heat, radiation, electricity or a chemical substance. There are different degrees of burns, from less severe ones, such as those of the first degree, to those that are more difficult to treat, such as those of the third degree. Many times, burns take a long time to heal completely. However, second-degree burns can be greatly improved if treated properly. In this article, we will explain how to cure second degree burns.
Symptoms of second degree burns
There are first, second and third degree burns (from less to more severe). Second degree burns, also known as partial thickness burns, are of moderate severity and affect the epidermis (superficial layer) and part of the dermis (deep layer) of the skin. There are more superficial second degree burns than others. If they are deeper, they will affect the sweat glands of the skin and the skin will have a charred appearance. To recognize a second degree burn, it should be noted if:
- The skin is red or swollen.
- The burn seems moist and bright.
- The burn is white and irregular.
- There are blisters.
- It hurt.
How to cure a mild second degree burn
Some burns are less severe, such as those caused by the sun or hot liquids. Often, these burns occur in the domestic environment. This type of burns usually heal in about a month and it is not necessary to go to the emergency room or the doctor to treat them. In this case, the treatment of second degree burns can be done with some simple care:
- Apply cold compresses.
- Keep the area elevated.
- Avoid blows or friction.
- Non-stick bandages.
- Aloe vera.
- Take vitamin C to avoid cell damage.
What NOT to do in case of burn
- Do not touch the skin or the blisters.
- If the burn is more severe, do not wet with cold water.
- Do not apply creams, oils, vaseline or ice.
When to see a doctor for a second degree burn
If second degree burns are too extensive or have affected deeper layers of the skin, it will be necessary to go to the emergency room. Second-degree burns that are in a particularly sensitive area of the body (hands or genitals) or on the face should also receive special attention. To know if we should go to the doctor, it is important to take into account these warning signs:
- If the person suffers from any additional illness or injury.
- If the burn is too extensive.
- If the burn is deep or is in a delicate area.
- If the burn has been infected.
- If the burn does not heal or does not stop hurting.
- If the burn has a grayish color and does not hurt.
- If the burn has been produced by a chemical agent.
How to cure infected second degree burns
If a burn has become infected, it will be vital to see the doctor. It is important not to touch the affected area with your hands or leave it exposed without any protection, because the skin is extremely sensitive. We will see if the burn looks like this:
- The redness is very intense.
- It presents pus.
- It does not heal.
- Pain is important.
- It gives off an unpleasant odor.
- There is a fever.
Normally, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics for a couple of weeks. In addition, to cure the infection the doctor will apply the following measures:
- Clean the burn with saline.
- It will be disinfected with chlorhexidine.
- Apply a silver sulfadiazine protective cream.
- Cover the burn with non-stick gauzes.
- It will provide a tetanus vaccine.
- It will prescribe antibiotics and analgesics.
In addition to this, it is important to know that the bandages should be changed every 2 or 3 days, again applying a protective and antibacterial cream, which helps to heal the wound.
How to cure second degree burns caused by a chemical
The caustic and corrosive that cause serious burns are another frequent consultation in the emergency department. This type of burns at first seem superficial and unimportant, similar to a mere irritation, but in a matter of days can go worse until affecting other deeper layers of the skin. This is because of the PH too low or too high that they have, compared to our skin. Ammonia, lye, sulfuric acid, formaldehyde … are some of the best known, often used as cleaning products.
If the burn is not very serious, at home we can take some measures:
- Do not add any irritant to the area.
- Perform washes with saline solution.
- Wash the area with water.
Natural remedies for second degree burns
The phytotherapy is a natural alternative that has many advantages to treat burns that are not so serious. Among your options, we find:
The pure gel of aloe vera
The pure gel of aloe vera is a very good option to treat second degree burns, as it is a natural option and does not present any type of danger to the affected skin. In addition to relieving discomfort, thanks to its refreshing effect, aloe vera is antiseptic and will dry the blisters produced on the skin by the burn.
Berberine preparations to apply on the skin are a natural alternative to other conventional medical treatments, especially for second-degree burns. Berberine is antimicrobial and prevents burns from becoming infected.
Fresh leaves of plantain
Applying fresh leaves of this plant helps relieve pain and regenerate the skin.
Calendula infusion compresses
A wet compress in the cold calendula infusion will work as an analgesic.
The rosehip oil is perfect to help improve the appearance of the skin, once the burn has healed completely.
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