How to Get Rid of Nail Ridges? What Causes Horizontal Ridges on the Nails
The appearance of the nails can inform the doctor many things about a person’s health, from a simple deficiency of vitamin to something more serious. There are many causes of nail grooves or grooves. Grooves or vertical crests are very common; however, horizontal ridges are not and can mean an underlying disease. Consult your doctor if you discover horizontal bumps on the nails.
Beau’s lines are horizontal depressions in the nail, usually in the same area on the surface of the nail. They occur after or during a serious illness, such as a systemic infection or diabetes. Cancer patients treated with chemotherapy can get Beau lines. Patients with Reynaud’s disease may get horizontal ridges on the nails from exposure to cold temperatures. Nail trauma and malnutrition can also make Beau’s lines. Slots may disappear after recovering from an illness.
Muehrcke lines appear as pairs of transverse white lines extending horizontally across the nail, parallel to the lunula. These grooves are caused by a vascular anomaly in the nail bed and temporarily disappear when the nail is pressed. Muehrcke lines do not occur in the nail bed; therefore, do not move with the growth of the nails. These nail lines are common in patients with low levels of albumin, kidney or liver disease, and malnutrition.
Mees lines are white horizontal bands, in several nails caused by poisoning with arsenic or, in rare cases, serious systemic diseases. The width of these nail lines may vary. As the nail bed itself is not affected, Mees lines move higher as the nail grows.
On Terry’s nails, the surface of the nail is white except for a narrow horizontal band near the tip of the finger. These horizontal ridges on the nails are sometimes seen in patients with cirrhosis of the liver, diabetes, kidney disease or HIV infection.
The horizontal half moons (lunar):
The white, horizontal crescent shape appearing at the base of some of the nails (most commonly on the thumb and index nails) is called the lunula. If the lunules are blue in color, this may represent Wilson’s disease or silver poisoning. Red lunules can be caused by liver cirrhosis, carbon monoxide poisoning, COPD, heart failure or psoriasis.
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