Hyperemesis gravidarum – What it is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments of this condition. In addition, Hyperemesis Gravidarum is the condition of dehydration resulting from continuous vomiting during the pregnancy stage. Not all pregnant women will have nausea every day and would settle at the end of the first trimester for most women. But for some women, the feeling of vomiting will continue until the end of pregnancy, which can result in dehydration or loss of body fluids.
Symptoms of Hyperemesis Gravidarum begin within the first six weeks of pregnancy, and nausea usually does not go away. Hyperemesis Gravidarum can be extremely debilitating and cause fatigue that lasts for weeks or months. According to the HER Foundation, women with Hyperemesis gravidarum may experience a complete loss of appetite and may not be able to work or perform daily activities. So, check out now Hyperemesis Gravidarum – What it is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments:
Causes of Hyperemesis Gravidarum:
The exact cause of Hyperemesis gravidarum is not known, but is known to be linked to hormone levels of human chorionic gonadotrophin HCG. Levels are known to be higher in women who experience hyperemesis. In addition, the peak symptoms of morning sickness around week 12, which is the time when HCG hormone levels are highest in the body.
Some of the risk factors identified for Hyperemesis gravidarum are first pregnancy, multiple or twin pregnancy, similar complaint in previous pregnancy, family history (genetics) or history of eating disorder.
Symptoms of Hyperemesis Gravidarum:
Hyperemesis gravidarum usually begins during the first trimester of your pregnancy. Less than half of all women with hyperemesis gravidarum experience symptoms throughout their pregnancy. Some of the most common symptoms of gravidic hyperemesis are:
1-Feeling almost constant nausea;
2-Loss of appetite;
3-Vomiting more than three or four times a day;
5-Feeling shocked or dizzy;
6-Losing more than 10 pounds or 5 percent of your body weight due to nausea or vomiting.
Diagnosis of Hyperemesis Gravidarum:
Your doctor will ask you about your medical history and your symptoms. A standard physical examination is sufficient to diagnose most cases. Your doctor will look for common signs of Hyperemesis Gravidarum, such as abnormally low blood pressure or rapid pulse.
Blood and urine samples may also be needed to check for signs of dehydration. Your doctor may also order additional tests to rule out gastrointestinal problems as a cause of your nausea or vomiting.
An ultrasound, which uses sound waves to create an image of the inside of your body, may be necessary to find out if you are pregnant with twins or if there is a mass in the uterus of trophoblastic disease.
Treatments for Hyperemesis Gravidarum:
If you have severe symptoms of Hyperemesis Gravidarum, you will need to be hospitalized. Otherwise, you can seek treatment at home or at the doctor’s office. Although the course of treatment for Hyperemesis Gravidarum varies from person to person, your doctor may recommend one or more of the following factors:
1-Preventive measures like vitamin B6, ginger, peppermint or a pressure bracelet to help with nausea;
2-Small, frequent meals that include dry and bland foods such as cookies;
3-Intravenous fluids to help with dehydration;
4-For severe cases, total parenteral nutrition, in which an intravenous (IV) solution of nutrients is administered as a food substitute;
5-Medicine to prevent nausea, such as Phenergan (promethazine), Antivert (meclizine), or Inapsine (droperidol), doxylamine-pyridoxine (Diclegis) or metoclopramide (Reglan), which can be taken orally, IV or as a suppository;
6-Complementary and alternative therapies such as massage, acupuncture, acupressure and hypnosis.