6 Main Causes of The Pain Behind The Eyes
The pain behind the eye that interferes with normal vision over a period of time is usually linked to the damaged optic nerve.
We have often heard of pain inside the eyes and is often the direct result of the injury. “Pain behind the eyes” is a relatively rare term and is usually used to express some type of pressure in the back of the eye. Often the pain behind the eye goes down to the forehead.
Causes of pain behind the eyes:
Causes that trigger moderate to severe pain behind the eye can range from eye problems such as optic neuritis to sinus infection. They are explained below:
Glaucoma is a term that refers to a group of ocular diseases that affect the optic nerve. There are different types of glaucoma and each can cause irreparable damage to the optic nerve, which eventually leads to loss of vision. Pain behind the eyes is one of the symptoms of glaucoma and is accompanied by a slow deterioration of vision. The optic nerve, which acts as a means of attachment between the back of the eye and the brain, actually sends the visual data from the retina to the specific part of the brain for interpretation. Now, if something goes wrong with the optic nerve, it manifests as pain behind the eyes.
There are other causes of pain behind the eyes. Headache is one of the most common reasons that brings discomfort in the back of the eye. Migraine is nothing more than long lasting headache that initially causes mild discomfort and eventually aggravates throbbing pain. However, there are some rare conditions associated with this type of headache and migraine are referred to as ophthalmoplegic or retinal. In this condition, one can experience persistent pain on one side of the head and is accompanied by eye problems that cause pain behind the eyes. Sometimes the pain is felt around the eyeball, which eventually spreads to the forehead.
Our eyes are coated with a thin film of liquid called the tear film. It keeps the eyes lubricated or moisturized and prevents dry eyes. When this thin film is unable to do its job properly, it causes dry eyes. In addition to causing a itching or burning sensation inside the eyes, the pain can also be felt behind the eyes.
When the optic nerve that transmits visual information to the brain becomes inflamed, the condition is known as optic neuritis. Transmission of visual data to the brain is very important for the proper functioning of the eye. Optic nerve inflammation is often the result of a viral or bacterial infection, which not only causes pain behind the eyes, but also causes loss of vision.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS):
In this condition, the immune system invades the myelin sheaths, which acts as a protective cover for the innumerable nerves in our body. The nerve is a means of communication between the brain and the different organs of the body. However, when this condition affects the optic nerve, the result is pain behind the eye when moving it and is followed by progressive loss of vision.
When the sinuses become inflamed, the condition is known as sinusitis. The breasts are hollow activities located in the skull. To be more specific, they are air-filled spaces in the bony structure of the face and forehead. There are 4 pairs of cavities located on the face and all are connected to the nasal passages. These cavities produce mucus (a semi-liquid substance) that particles of dust traps, entering the airways while breathing. Infection of the sinus leads to excessive production of mucus, which can block the sinuses and make them swollen. The forehead, the face and the eyes face the weight of inflammation of the sinuses. This is because the inflamed breasts bring tremendous pressure on these parts of the body, including the eye. As a result, the person suffering from sinusitis often complains of pain in the middle and behind the eye.
Early identification and intervention is the key to stopping vision loss and restoring eye health. Multiple sclerosis is treated with drugs such as copaxone prevent the invasion of the immune system to protect the optic nerve. For effective management of glaucoma that causes pain behind the eyes, your doctor may recommend the use of eye drops that contain beta-blockers. On the other hand, optic neuritis that causes inflammation of the optic nerve, is treated with steroids orally or intravenously.
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