What Are Different Types of Braces?
Conventional fixed dental appliance:
Fixed orthodontics is usually the most commonly used. It allows greater control of the treatment plan by the dentist and this control increases its effectiveness.
This type of conventional apparatus is fixed to the teeth with suitable adhesive substances. The conventional fixed dental appliance consists of bands, wires, brakets and elastics. The part glued to the tooth is called a bracket and it is through this element that the orthodontist applies the force. Fixed appliances are tightened monthly by the dentist. Through this gentle force, the teeth gradually go to the correct position. This type of appliance is usually made of light metal. Stainless steel is widely used in dental appliances due to biocompatibility and strength.
Treatment takes an average of one or two years depending on the severity of the orthodontic problem. The patient’s attendance at the control visits determines and contributes to the success of the treatment.
Fixed dental appliance aesthetic
The aesthetic appliance has the same function as the conventional metal dental appliance to correct bent and misaligned teeth. The demand for aesthetic devices has increased in recent years. The patients want to correct the malformation without forgetting the aesthetic and its appearance. It is manufactured in 3 types of materials:
- Polycarbonates: they are composed of acrylic material and their appearance is more discreet. It has a more affordable cost compared to other cosmetic appliances. However it does not have great resistance and the brackets can break or take off more frequently. On the other hand the color of the apparatus can undergo changes with the absorption of pigments. This color change depends on the diet and habits of the patients;
- Ceramics: Due to the characteristics of the material it does not change color and is quite resistant. There is less friction in the brackets and the wire behaves more effectively. It has a higher cost than the previous aesthetic dental appliance;
- Sapphire: The brackets of these gadgets are translucent. They do not change color and rarely take off or break. The aesthetic result is quite pleasant because you can only see the orthodontic wire.
Removable restraining dental appliance
The removable containment dental appliance is generally advised to children with or without definitive teething for the purpose of modifying growth. It is very effective in children up to 12 years of age. This type of removable device is also advised for young people with slight dental misalignment. It is often used as a final adjunct to fixed orthodontic treatment. As the name implies are removable, they can be taken out for meals and to sanitize.
The removable containment dental appliance consists of an acrylic base or plastic and metal material that will fit into the teeth. It is usually used for a few months after the fixed orthodontic treatment and serves to contain the teeth. They are used to prevent the teeth from returning to the starting position. The jaw bone, lips, tongue and face need to adapt to the recent position of the teeth. This type of dental appliance is usually used for a few months after orthodontic treatment. The goal is to keep your teeth in the optimal position achieved through treatment. If modified it can serve to prevent a child from chuckling on the finger. The various types of removable appliances have different purposes; stimulate bone growth in the case of orthopedic appliances, orthodontic plaques move the teeth and containment help keep the results.
The palatal expander is a fixed dental appliance whose purpose is to widen the arch of the upper jaw. It is a plastic plate that fits next to the sky-of-mouth.
The size of the maxillary teeth should be larger than the maxillary arch in order to fit properly and allow normal occlusion. To correct this incorrect bite, usually the crossbite, the maxillary expanders are used. They are also known as circuit breakers.
The factors that influence the narrowing of the sky of the mouth are mainly respiratory problems, the sucking on the finger, the loss of milk teeth early or on the contrary, the maintenance of milk teeth for a time considered higher than normal. People with cleft lip or cleft palate usually have the narrow jaw.
The best age to treat this problem is between 10 and 15 years. The treatments are more effective and the discomfort is less. However, patients of higher age can also be treated successfully. Bone resistance increases over the years as well as the complexity and success of orthodontic treatment.
There are several types of devices to expand the teeth of the sky of the mouth. The installation of this appliance is a simple and effective.
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