What Do Period Cramps Feel Like? Its Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
What Do Period Cramps Feel Like? What are the symptoms, remedies and useful medications against menstrual pain? Now menstrual pain has entered the routine of many women, so much so that they have also assimilated the medical term, that of dysmenorrhea. In fact, however, it is common sense to think of menstrual pain confusing them exclusively with stomach ache. In fact, those who suffer from it know very well that it does not end here, but they also exhibit strong headaches, kidney disease and often anxiety and mild forms of depression. All in a passive form, that is, coinciding with menstruation.
Menstrual pains are uterine cramps that can affect the woman during the menstrual period. Menstruation is the way the body ejects the uterine wall, the endometrium, which has been prepared to accommodate a fertilized egg. The contractions that serve to blow and eject this wall may be more or less strong and durable. For this reason, it usually tends to overlook the symptoms that can also be strongly disabling: the fact that menstrual pains are passengers does not mean that they have to endure easily or underestimate them. In general, however, it is always best to turn to a gynecologist for a check-up visit and to understand which is actually the cause that causes the menstrual pain in question.
Menstrual pains can be classified into primary and secondary dysmenorrhea, depending on the cause of origin. We talk about primary dysmenorrhea when the pains come simply because of the cycle: it occurs mostly in adolescents and usually during the first menstruation. With age or an early pregnancy, the symptom tends to disappear. The so-called secondary dysmenorrhea is the one that manifests itself after a pregnancy or in adulthood. In this case, the gynecological examination becomes mandatory to exclude dangerous pathologies.
Common symptoms of cramps:
Menstrual cramps symptoms are manifold, although pain is already a physical manifestation of the problem. However, there may be additional symptoms such as:
- Meaning of heaviness and constant pain
- Irregularity of pain in the lower back and thighs
- Painful tendons, spasms or cramps, more or less intense, located at the lower abdomen
The main symptom, however, remains the pain of the cycle, which can be present with blood clots, or with high or low flow. The problem varies from woman to woman, in fact, sometimes it may happen that menstrual pains are anticipated, or arrive a week before the cycle.
Possible causes of cramps:
The occurrence of adult menstrual pain may be synonymous with a simple hormone-physiological alteration or other pathology of the uterus or ovule. Cyclical pelvic pain affects up to 50% of women of childbearing age and in 15% of cases it can adversely affect daily life. This symptom, more evident on the pelvis, is not only attributable to this origin. Among the most common causes of menstrual pain we find:
- premenstrual syndrome
- polycystic ovary syndrome
- ovarian cysts
- uterine fibroids
- ovarian cancer
Remedies and Treatments of cramps:
Obviously, with so many different causes to cause menstrual pain, remedies are as numerous. Generally, abdominal cramps, caused by menstruation, disappear spontaneously with decreasing uterine blood loss. However, in some cases, as we have seen, menstrual pain depends on a background disease or has such annoying symptoms that need to be treated promptly so as not to compromise the quality of their daily life. Let’s see what are all remedies.
Natural remedies against menstrual pain, they utilize phytotherapy and plants with antispasmodic properties, that is, they can relax the muscle of the uterus by enhancing the painful symptomatology and regularizing the production of those hormones responsible for contractions and uterine spasms . The main plants are:
To relieve menstrual pain, the use of essential oils is an aromatherapy therapy that works both psychically and physically. Some of these essences, in fact, rebalance the female hormone system, modulating the production of prostaglandins, responsible for contractions and uterine spasms, and perform anti-inflammatory and relaxing action for the benefit of uterine musculature. Here are the main ones:
- Essential geranium oil
- Essential oil of lavender
- Essential rose oil
- Chamomile essential oil
Homeopathic remedies for cramps:
Homeopathy in case of menstrual pain can be effective through various ad hoc compositions for mastrals, such as Actaea racemosa 9 CH, the chimiphosa, indicated in the treatment of painful menstrual periods when spasms are proportional to the amount and duration of flow; Magnesium phosphoric 9 CH, that is magnesium phosphate, effective against spasmodic and cramping pains; and the Veratrum album 9 CH, which is nothing other than the white elleboro, indicated in case of pain, prostration, weakness, cold body, nausea.
Adequate nutrition can help to limit the appearance of menstrual pain. One of the best measures to counter dysmenorrhea is therefore to take magnesium. Its deficiency in the body predisposes, in fact, to contractures and cramps of all muscles, and therefore also uterus. Magnesium is present in various foods, especially in green leafy vegetables, in dried fruits, in legumes, lentils and beans, in whole grains. They are also rich in magnesium, mushrooms, cocoa and bananas. Also important is omega 3, of which the blue fish is the main integrator.
Another cure for menstrual pain is to limit the consumption of sweets because they favor, although indirectly, the production of prostaglandins. Fat should also be limited. It is advised to consume less hydrogenated fats and red meats.
Medications used to remedy menstrual pain mask the pain, but do not directly affect the triggering cause. The first line pharmacological treatment for dysmenorrhea is the administration of NSAIDs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, useful for masking pain. These drugs exert their therapeutic activity by blocking the enzymes responsible for the formation of prostaglandins, thromboxanes and prostaciclines, that is, the pain mediators of pain.
When menstrual pain is too strong, even to produce nausea and vomiting, your doctor recommends administering an antiemetic.
Last but not least, the regular intake of the contraceptive pill is indicated for women with severe menstrual pains: in fact, it contains hormones that block ovulation, thus reducing the pain associated with menstrual cramps. If the problem is due to a background disease such as endometriosis or fibromyalgia, the most appropriate solution to eliminate menstrual pains is surgical intervention.
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